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Tag Archives: criminal summons

Did You Know That You Can Drive Within The Posed Speed Limit & Still Get a Speeding Ticket??

As you are probably aware, most speeding summonses are issued by Police Officers or State Troopers. They are experts in estimating speeds and using speed detection equipment. They usually charge a motorist with going a specific speed over the posted speed limit. For example, driving 75 mph in a 40 mph zone (an 8 point summons). The point system for Speeding summonses in New York is referenced above.

Updated Speeding Violation chart

You should also be aware that a summons for Speed Not Reasonable and Prudent can be issued. VTL 1180a provides that no person shall drive a vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard to the actual and potential hazards then existing. Basically the Police Officer can allege that you were going too fast for the condition of the road and traffic. It is common sense to reduce your speed during bad weather conditions. This includes torrential rain, snow, or fog. When the roads are not clear you must drive in an appropriate manner. If you are driving at a high speed that can prevent you from stopping your vehicle quickly when the roads are wet or slick. A lot of motorists think because their car may have 4- wheel or all wheel drive that this rule doesn’t apply to them.

This type of summons can be issued when a motorist is involved in a car crash, for example when a driver didn’t reduce their speed due to construction and spins out of control on the highway and hit a median. Or when a driver swerves and their car ends up on the side of the road in an embankment. While receiving a summons for this might not be common, it is very possible. In scenarios like this, a summons is issued because if the motorist was not driving in a reasonable and prudent manner.

Convictions for summonses for Speed Not Reasonable and Prudent will result in three (3) points on your driver’s license. The minimum fine is $138. If you are convicted of three (3) Speeding Tickets received within an 18 month period, your privileges will be revoked. If you or someone you know has recently received a moving violation in New York, contact me immediately. I can fight for you. Hiring an experienced Traffic, Criminal, TLC and CDL Attorney  can be the difference between being found guilty and maintaining a clean license. Don’t hesitate to call my office at 212-227-9008 or email me at michaelblock.law@gmail.com.

New York City Traffic Ticket Lawyer: What is a Refusal Hearing?

According to New York’s Implied Consent Law, all New York City drivers must submit to a breathalyzer or other chemical test at the request of a police officer when the officer suspects the driver of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. In other words, by operating a car, motorists consent to submit themselves to chemical tests and relinquish their right to refuse. If a driver were to refuse the chemical test, they will open themselves up to many different problems. Refusing the test will result in the automatic suspension of one’s driver’s license, which may be followed by other penalties after the driver attends a Refusal Hearing.

What is a Refusal Hearing?

A Refusal Hearing occurs before an administrative law judge at a New York State DMV and is meant to determine whether or not the driver willingly violated the Implied Consent Law. The Refusal Hearing does not address any issues stemming from a DWI or DUI arrest other than the refusal to submit to the chemical test; if charges are brought against the driver for DWI or DUI offenses, that hearing will be held in one of New York City’s criminal courts. A New York City Refusal Hearing lawyer will also have an opportunity to cross examine the arresting officer at the hearing, which will help the attorney gain valuable information from the officer which can be used in any DWI or DUI criminal hearings.

Right to Waive Hearing

Every driver has the right to waive a Refusal Hearing, but this is not what a New York City traffic lawyer would recommend. If a driver waives their right to the hearing, they are effectively pleading guilty to the refusal charge. Their driver’s license will be revoked for one year and they will face a stiff financial penalty. All of this will occur regardless of whether the driver is charged in Criminal Court, and their driver’s license can be revoked even if the criminal charges are dismissed.

Consequences

As noted above, a driver who refuses to submit to a chemical test in New York City will have their driver’s license automatically suspended. If found guilty at the DMV Refusal Hearing, their driver’s license will be revoked for up to one year and they will have to pay a $500 fine, as well as the NY Driver Responsibility Assessment. In addition, the fact that the driver refused to submit to the chemical test can be brought against them if / when they are tried on alcohol or drug charges. A New York City DWI lawyer can work with a driver to determine the best course of action at the Refusal Hearing so that these penalties may be avoided.

If you are ever arrested for a DWI and are facing a Refusal Hearing, or if you receive any other traffic tickets in New York City, please contact us at 212-227-9008 or michaelblock.law@gmail.com. A New York City Refusal Hearing lawyer can assist with all matters leading up to the hearing and will begin working on your DWI defense immediately.